rapid switch: projects
Research is motivated by major societal energy challenges: one billion people lack access to electricity and three billion people cook and heat with dirty fuels. Over 80% of energy consumed worldwide today is derived from fossil fuels, and the world’s “carbon budget” is rapidly being spent. Wind and solar electricity costs are dropping, but their variability presents technical and economic challenges. What are the bottlenecks to high penetration of wind/solar electricity? How does the United States reach net-zero emissions by 2050? What are the challenges to India’s energy transition? These are some of the questions Rapid Switch projects are exploring.